Biotech Rice (Pocket K No.37)

Rice is the staple food of the two billion people living in Asia and Africa, providing 40 to 70% of the total food calories. The past green revolution over three decades ago has provided enough food and livelihood which averted the looming hunger and famine then. With the imminent doubling of the world population in 2050, world food production should be increased by 50% especially the cereal staples.

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Biotech Wheat (Pocket K No.38)

Wheat is a member of the grass family that produces modified fruit which is fused with its single seed, forming the grain. The fruits are borne together in a panicle and the edible part of the seed or grain is called kernel. The Middle East is the geographical origin of wheat. Wheat is a staple food that is processed into flour and used for different types of breads, pastries, pastas, and cereals. It is also used for fermentation of alcoholic beverages and biofuels.

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Nanotechnology in Agriculture (Pocket K No.39)

Nanotechnology refers to controlling, building, and restructuring materials and devices on the scale of atoms and molecules. A nanometer (nm) is one-billionth of a meter. To get the sense of the nano scales, the width of the human hair is 80,000 nm and the smallest things visible with the naked human eye are 10,000 nm across. At nano scales, the basic rules of chemistry and physics are not applicable.

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Biotechnology for the Livestock Industry (Pocket K No.40)

Some poor countries may not be able to sustain these levels of meat and milk requirement, leading to malnutrition. Demand for meat and milk production is also expected to double in 2050 in developing countries, where population is expected to double. Thus, increasing production and the safe processing and marketing of meat and milk, and their products are big challenges for livestock producers.

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Nutritionally-Enhanced GM Feed Crops (Pocket K No.41)

Genetic modification especially on the purposeful changing of substances in a particular pathway using recombinant DNA techniques, termed as metabolic engineering, is being conducted to generate new varieties with high yielding and nutrition-enhanced traits. Nutrition enhancement in crops targets manipulation of levels of proteins and amino acids, fats and oils, vitamins and minerals, carbohydrates and fiber quality, as well as decreasing the levels of undesirable components in major feed crops.

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Stacked Traits in Biotech Crops (Pocket K No.42)

The biotech method of gene stacking has brought us many notable products such as “Golden Rice”, “Blue Rose”, and SmartStax™. What is gene stacking and why is there a ‘stack boom’ in the biotech crop market? What does the future hold for biotech stacks?

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Biotechnology and Climate Change (Pocket K No.43)

The continuing increase in greenhouse gas emissions raises the temperature of the earth’s atmosphere. This results to melting of glaciers, unpredictable rainfall patterns, and extreme weather events. The accelerating pace of climate change, combined with global population and depletion of agricultural resources threatens food security globally.

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Biotechnology for Biodiversity (Pocket K No.44)

Biological diversity (biodiversity) is the variability among living organisms: within and between species and ecosystems. Biodiversity is considered as the foundation of agriculture being the source of all crops and livestock species that have been domesticated and bred since the beginning of agriculture approximately 10,000 years ago.1 Crops like corn and wheat were inedible wild crops but through years of domestication, edible varieties have been made available as important commodities.

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Biotechnology for Sugarcane (Pocket K No.45)

Genetic manipulation is being conducted to increase sucrose content of sugarcane. This work requires an understanding of the many interacting processes involved in accumulation of sucrose in sugar-storing stems. Scientists have identified the key enzymes that set in motion these processes, which can be hastened or slowed down by genetic engineering towards more efficient build-up of sucrose in stems.

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Nitrogen Use Efficient Biotech Crops (Pocket K No.46)

Since the discovery of nitrogen fertilizer, use of synthetic nitrogen has increased dramatically leading to significant boost in crop yields. However, only 30-50% of the applied nitrogen is absorbed by the plants and the wasted nitrogen cause considerable impacts on the environment.

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Biotechnology in Ornamental Plants (Pocket K No.47)

Ornamental plants are grown for decoration, rather than food or raw materials. They are most often intentionally planted for aesthetic appeal. However, ornamental plants also serve some less obvious uses such as for fragrance, for attracting wildlife and for cleaning the air.1 Ornamentals encompass a wide array of plants and are classified into several groups: cutflowers, ornamental grasses, lawn or turf grasses, potted and indoor plants, bedding plants, trees and shrubs.

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Bt Eggplant (Pocket K No.48)

Eggplant is a staple food in India and other countries in South and Southeast Asia where it is called brinjal, along with over 30 Sanskrit names. It also comes in a variety of shapes and colors. Some are striped and round, others white and short, looking like a chicken egg, thus its most famous name.

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